TALLINN – There were 706,000 dwellings in Estonia on January 1, 2017, of which 76 percent were occupied.
Occupied dwellings numbered 537,000, of which three-quarters were under 80 square meters and a third were in the range 60–80 square meters. Of occupied dwellings, those with 2 and 3 rooms had the largest shares, 32 percent and 30 percent, respectively, Statistics Estonia said.
Altogether 93 percent of occupied dwellings had piped water. A total of 88 percent had a flush toilet, 84 percent had a bath or shower and 70 percent had central heating. Altogether 68 percent of occupied dwellings had all four amenities.
A total of 69,000 dwellings, that is 10 percent of existing dwellings, have been constructed in Estonia since 2001. A higher than Estonian average share of new dwellings is in Harju, Tartu and Parnu counties.
Compared to 1922 when there were 252,000 dwellings in Estonia, the number has nearly tripled.
In 2018, Statistics Estonia publishes housing data for the first time based on the data of Estonian registers. The used methodology has been developed as part of the preparation for the 2020/2021 Register-Based Population and Housing Census.
The population of dwellings is based on the data of three registers: the Address Data System, the Population Register and the Register of Construction Works. Technical data are from the Register of Construction Works, and when necessary, have been supplemented with the data of the 2011 Population and Housing Census.
For the statistical activity "Housing", the main representative of public interest is the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications, commissioned by whom Statistics Estonia collects and analyses the data necessary for conducting the statistical activity.